Notes: Hypothermia and Bug in the Ear


“The affected person becomes increasingly clumsy, unreasonable, irritable, and sleepy. The person’s speech becomes slurred. He or she becomes confused and drowsy, and eventually goes into a coma, with slow, weak breathing and a slow, weak heart rate.” (page 841 of “The American Medical Association Family Medical Guide” cited at end of post)

-if unconscious, check breathing and give artificial respiration if necessary

-shelter victim from cold (cover head and insulate from ground)

-if victim isn’t nauseous, give him warm, non-alcoholic drinks (but don’t force him because the last thing you need is for the drinks to run out the sides of his mouth, down his face, and freeze his head to the ground. That results in an entirely worse series of problems.)

-it is ideal to reheat the person in a warm room

-the more wind, the more danger of cold-related injury

-if the victim has frostbite, rubbing the affected area can cause gangrene

-remember to dry off the victim completely if rewarmed with water (it should be warm water, not hot)

Bug in the Ear

-find a bathtub or sink (can also be done outside)

-tilt the victim’s head so the ear with the bug in it is pointing toward the ceiling or sky with the victim’s head being as parallel to the ground as you can possibly get it

-gently tug the earlobe

-continue tugging and pour warm mineral oil, olive oil, baby oil, or clean warm water into the ear (note: it might be wise to warn the victim to plug their nose and close their eyes beforehand), and the bug should float up and out of the ear

-if it doesn’t come out, you’ll be needing to take the victim to a hospital as attempting manual removal yourself can result in pain and/or hearing damage in the victim


“The American Medical Association Family Medical Guide” Medical Editor: Charles B. Clayman, MD (ISBN: 0-679-41290-5)

“Standard First Aid and Personal Safety” (“Prepared by the American Red Cross”) (ISBN: 0-385-15736-3)

The Howling Feminists

“Hate speech”, they yell at the top of their lungs,

“Sexual dimorphism can’t exist!”

It fools not the wise with cleverer tongues,

And these erroneous words are dismissed


“Men are pigs and dogs!” they screech just like birds

“It is harassment to flirt with a girl!”

(But still they like hearing nice speech and words,

To be called “angel” or “beautiful pearl”)


But take their own words, turn them on their heads,

Address them like the b*****s that they are,

And the hypocrites will start seeing red

(They don’t like feeling how their insults mar)


No one knows how they want to be treated

No one can open a door to be kind

Pull out a chair for them to be seated,

They’ll kick you in your chivalrous behind


Men remain silent while feminists chant

Always polite, never angry or mean

Respectable people don’t rave or rant-

These men are neither violent, nor obscene


Examples of polite disagreement,

Quietly with an almost earthen calm,

They let feminists tire of maltreatment

Rather than striking them with open palm


When the women’s throats are tired and sore

The men still stand with their logic at hand

Clearly the one easier to adore

Is not the screaming loony, but the MAN

Notes: Shock and Seizures


Shock can be caused by: severe injuries, loss of bodily fluids, poisoning, infection, heart attack, stroke, gases, alcohol, drugs, lack of oxygen*

Shock can be made worse by abnormal changes in body temperature, pain, and a delay in treatment.

Some signs of shock:

-pale or bluish skin

-cold to the touch (might also be moist and clammy)

-the victim will be experiencing weakness

-rapid pulse which may be too faint to be felt at the wrist

-increased rate of breathing (may be irregular)


-apathy and potential relative unresponsiveness

-gone untreated: loss of consciousness, decrease in body temperature,  may result in death

Lay the victim down and cover him enough to prevent loss of body heat (using blankets and extra clothing wrapped both over and under him) and get medical help.

Avoid moving a victim suspected of having an injury anywhere on the spine unless absolutely necessary. Movement raises the risk of paralyzing the victim.

Make sure there is nothing obstructing the airway.

Raise the victim’s feet 8 to 12 inches (20.32 – 30.48 centimeters). If this increases pain or makes it difficult for the victim to breathe, lower the feet so the victim is again lying flat.

Fluids should not be given:

-while the victim is unconscious, nauseous or having convulsions

-“when a victim is likely to require surgery or general anesthetic, or when he appears to have a brain or abdominal injury” (quote from “Standard First Aid and Personal Safety” cited at the bottom of the post)

If medical care is  delayed or expected to be delayed (for certain, like when you’re in the middle of a forest and no one knows where you are) for at least an hour then you can give the victim a little water that isn’t too hot or too cold. It is preferable to have one teaspoonful of salt and half a teaspoon of baking soda per quart of water.

Adults: about half a glass/4 ounces around every 15 minutes.

Children (one to 12 years old): half the amount above.

Infants (one year or less): one ounce.

Stop if nausea or vomiting occur.


(The victim may have a condition which causes him to have seizures. If this is the case, he will likely tell you so when he wakes up and sees you after the seizure is over. F.ex: )

If artificial respiration must be given, the mouth-to-nose technique should be used.

It is not recommended that you attempt to stick your fingers in the mouth of someone having a seizure, as they could have an involuntary muscle movement resulting in them accidentally biting off your fingers. (But if the seizure is locking their jaws shut, this shouldn’t be a possibility anyway. It is, however, possible that their tongue might obstruct their airway during the seizure, but this varies with the type of seizure and the situation.)

Push away nearby objects to prevent accidental harm to the victim.

Loosen the clothing around the victim’s neck after the spasms stop.

Keep the victim lying down and make sure his airway stays open. When he is lying down, turn his head to the side to prevent him from choking to death on his own vomit.

Let the victim rest after the seizure is over.

Get medical help if convulsions occur again.



*=a condensed list ripped almost entirely out of the “Standard First Aid and Personal Safety” book


“The American Medical Association Family Medical Guide” Medical Editor: Charles B. Clayman, MD (ISBN: 0-679-41290-5)

“Standard First Aid and Personal Safety” (“Prepared by the American Red Cross”) (ISBN: 0-385-15736-3)

Noise Part II

Part One here:

Some days I can’t help but think back to something I learned in an AP Psychology class I took a year or two ago (depending on how you count it). It was about the learning and language development of babies. Apparently it was very detrimental to raise the baby with a fan constantly running in the background because eventually the baby got used to this background noise. Once that happened, it would need that background noise to be able to learn things and to develop proper language skills. The environment without the fan noise would be too quiet for it to think and concentrate.

As the baby would grow older, it would continue to seek out or create environments in which to live that included background noise so it could concentrate (like a child turning on the radio or television, a teenager with ear buds or headphones constantly on, or an adult doing any of these things or moving to a noisy city). The person could only concentrate adequately and learn best with this background noise, and unwillingness to give it up over the years would only make the dependency worse.

At this point the child cannot concentrate well enough to learn much at home or in school and the adolescent or adult cannot focus on mental tasks at work. The person may be punished or scolded for being “spacy” and getting bad scores on tests or for not doing very well at work. This will continue for as long as the person is connected to their way of living. Modern technology makes this all too easy. This is just one example of why moderation is so important: dependency on excess is detrimental to one’s ability to live a normal and healthy life. But I digress.

If someone is going to be dependent on listening to music all the time, they could at least listen to something good instead of the kinds of things I mentioned in the article I linked to at the beginning of this post. (Burzum’s “Rundgang Um Die Transzendentale Saule Der Singularitat” is a good example of something nice they could listen to instead. It’s good thinking music.)

Notes: Artificial Respiration and Heart Attack

As usual, sources will be cited at the end.


Artificial Respiration:

I mentioned the jaw-thrust method in my First Aid notes a while ago. Here is another method to make sure a victim’s airway is clear if the victim is lying down: put one of your hands under the victim’s neck and lift it up a bit so the chin is pointing up. Put your other hand on the victim’s forehead and rotate/tilt their head with this hand so the victim’s mouth opens up. That should open the airway as well and then you can see if it’s being blocked by anything (like their tongue or something they were choking on before they fell unconscious).

If an adult victim has a pulse but isn’t breathing, give them one breath of air about every five seconds. (If there isn’t a pulse you should go right to CPR regardless of whether they’re breathing or not because if their heart isn’t working then they won’t be breathing soon anyway.) They make masks that cover the victim’s mouth and nose to make this easier and to prevent you from catching any illnesses, so if you have one then you should put it over the victim’s face. If the victim is, for example, a loved one who you know is healthy so you know no illnesses will pass between you if you give them the so-called “Kiss of Life” without the mask, then it’s up to you whether you want to wait for help to show up with one of those masks. Personally, I’d expect the person to be dead by then in most cases (the ones I’d end up in anyway) so I’d seriously consider not waiting for that to happen. Your circumstances might be different, so you might want to go on a case by case basis.

Heart Attack:

Signs/Symptoms: chest pain, gasping, shortness of breath, bluish skin lips and nails (sign of oxygen deprivation), and if they have heart disease they may have swollen ankles indicating this. Sometimes the victim will also have indigestion or be nauseous, and this may result in the victim vomiting.

You should put the victim in a comfortable position if possible. This will probably be with them sitting up and you may need multiple pillows for this.

Give them artificial respiration if they’re not breathing.

Have someone call for an ambulance. The ambulance should have oxygen to give to the victim (if their heart isn’t working properly, then this extra oxygen should help their blood cells from becoming too oxygen-deprived).

If the victim is on the ground, unconscious, and has no heartbeat, give them CPR. Lace your fingers with one hand over the other as it shows in the picture and have your hands over the person’s heart as you hover over them. Push down around a hundred beats per minute (to the tune of the song “Another One Bites the Dust”). You want their ribcage to go in to make their heart beat, otherwise your pushing won’t reach their heart and the victim will have a smaller chance of surviving. (That again without the coat of sugar: they will most likely die if you don’t push down on their heart hard enough. As a side note: they can recover from a few broken ribs, but they cannot recover from death.)


“The American Medical Association Family Medical Guide” Medical Editor: Charles B. Clayman, MD (ISBN: 0-679-41290-5)

“Standard First Aid and Personal Safety” (“Prepared by the American Red Cross”) (ISBN: 0-385-15736-3)

And the final source today is Wikipedia (hence the CPR link).

Notes: Wilderness Survival

I’ve got more notes from another book. No First Aid this time, but I’ve got a few wilderness survival things. It’s a combination of me summarizing, my opinions, and some quotes taken directly from the book. Again, I will cite the source at the end of the notes.

Dead-Man Tent Stakes: useful when trying to set a tent on sand, snow, or gravel. Basically you tie the tent’s guy rope to a stick, long rock, or chunk of ice and bury it about two feet deep. Smash the ground over it (the book says “tamp”, but I think “smash” would be a bit more accurate… Or I guess you could say “stomp”) and tie the rope to the tent loops.

Sharpening Axes and Knives: “When finishing the edge with the oilstone, push the stone toward the edge, not away from it, at an angle of about 20 degrees. Some people move the stone in a circular fashion.” I don’t see why a circular movement would be necessary, so I’d say to instead try a few different movements/methods and see what works best for you. The picture in the book makes it look a bit like whittling a chunk of wood and that just solidifies my opinion that you don’t have to sharpen the knife using a circular motion.

*Moose Nose: I’m not confident in the legality of killing a moose just to eat its nose so I would recommend against this course of action, but I think if the moose is dead when you find it and you’re starving it might be okay. Anyway, here’s how to cook a moose nose according to the book: coat with mud and place in a bed of hot coals. Wait several hours and remove the mud. The hair on the nose should come off with it, but you can just scrape away any that’s left over. Separate the meat from the bone, salt it, and eat it. Or, if available, you could eat something more desirable. For example:

Baking Bread and Biscuits: “Loaf bread is baked in a Dutch oven in the same way it is baked in a home oven.” If you buy some sort of “just add water” thing at the store before going camping, you can bake the bread or biscuits in the Dutch oven. The heightened desirability of this kind of food rather than the moose nose can be enjoyed because of preparedness (according to me, anyway).

Knife Sheaths: Knives can slip out of small knife sheaths and cause an accident or injury. You can instead make one out of steerhide. “It should be long enough to cover the entire blade and most of the handle.” You need a little of the handle sticking out so you can grab it and remove the knife from the sheath when you need it, but it should cover enough to help prevent it from falling or slipping out of the sheath. When you’re done preparing the leather you can lace the open side shut or use hammer-on rivets.

There’s a lot more in the book, but I just decided to take a few random points from it. Of course the book has more details than my summaries, but you can always look up anything you need more details on (either online or in the book if you have/find it). Here’s the source:

“Outdoorsman’s Handbook” by Clyde Ormond

I can’t find the ISBN on or in the book, but  I found an ASIN online: B008D8M1TY. According to the inside the author has some other interesting books as well. I haven’t read the others, but I think I can assume they’re as good as this one.

For a little more survival stuff I found more interesting things on YouTube. First is North Survival. As an example he has a video called “Long Term Survival Shelter.” CrazyRussianHacker has some survival videos too. He’s mentioned something about a zombie apocalypse, but I don’t think his reasons behind the videos matter in this case. They’re good videos.


*About the moose nose: It’s mostly my own private joke with myself. Whenever I randomly look through that book it always somehow ends up on the Moose Nose page and I just have to laugh about it. I thought I’d use it as an example of how it’s a bad idea to leave major decisions until the last minute. In this case the decision would be regarding food.