Notes: Open Wounds and Blisters

Open Wounds and Bleeding

-stop the bleeding: apply direct pressure, removing the bandage/dressings used to stop the blood too early will reopen the wound and cause it to start bleeding all over again, elevate the injured appendage/limb, if bandages don’t stop the bleeding you may have to use a pressure point ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergency_bleeding_control#Pressure_points )

-prevent the wound/area from getting contaminated or infected: on some wounds you can use antibacterial gels and such, foreign objects should also be removed from the wound (don’t use your fingers)

-treat shock if necessary, this is more likely to be needed in any case when the victim loses a lot of blood, especially if it happens very quickly… because those are the times when the victim is more likely to go into shock

-get medical attention if necessary (sometimes wounds just take care of themselves, so you don’t always need to – it differs with the wound and victim (the small-framed ones are more susceptible to shock because it takes a smaller amount of blood loss to affect them))

-if it is a bite wound, wash it thoroughly with soap and water (if it was inflicted by an animal suspected to be rabid, medical care should be sought and rabies vaccines may be necessary (remember Ozzy and the bat? He got a rabies shot after that. If the bat had had rabies that shot could’ve saved his life. I know I don’t usually say anything good about vaccines, but if it’s rabies and you might need it then go for it.))

Blisters

You are supposed to leave them alone if you can get the pressure off them long enough for them to heal, but I’m going to tell you the correct way of breaking them because almost nobody leaves them alone. If you’re going to break them then you might as well do it correctly.

-wash the area with soap and water

-either soak a needle in rubbing alcohol or use a match flame to sterilize it

-use the sterile needle to make a small puncture wound at the blister’s base

-put a sterile dressing on the blister and protect it from further irritation

-assuming the blister has already broken itself: treat it like an open wound (soap and water, sterile dressing, watch for signs of infection)

-if the blister fluid is deep in your palm or the sole of your foot: do nothing

 

“The American Medical Association Family Medical Guide” Medical Editor: Charles B. Clayman, MD (ISBN: 0-679-41290-5)

“Standard First Aid and Personal Safety” (“Prepared by the American Red Cross”) (ISBN: 0-385-15736-3)

Wikipedia.org

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