Edda Names A-E

A list for knowledge and future reference:


A

Ægir: the sea god

Æsir: the gods

Afı: Amma’s husband

Agnar: Geirrœth’s brother

Agnar: Geirrœth’s son

Agnar: a hero

Ái: the husband of Edda

Ái: a dwarf

Álf: (Álf the Old) son of Ulf

Álf: a son of Hild

Álf: the son of Hunding

Álf: the son of Hróthmar

Álf: a hero

Álf: the son of Hjálprek and stepfather of Sigurth

Álf: a dwarf

Alfather: Óthin

Álfhild: the wife of King Hjorvorth

Álf-Home: the god Frey’s abode

Álfrothul: the sun

Algrœn: the earth

Áli: (see Authi)

Almveig: wife of Hálfdan

Álof: daughter of Earl Fránmar

Alsvith: a giant

Alsvith: one of the sun-horses

Althjóf: a dwarf

Alvaldi: a giant

Alvís: a dwarf

Ám: a descendant of Dag and Thóra

Amma: the wife of Ái

Ammius: brother of Sunilda {Svanhild}

Án: a dwarf

Andhrímnir: cook of Valholl

Andvaranaut: a ring in the possession of Andvari

Andvari: a dwarf

Angantýr: opponent of Óttar

Angantýr: a son of Arngrím

Angeya: a giant maiden

Angrbotha: a giantess

Arngrím: husband of Eyfura

Árvakr: one of the sun-horses

Ás: (see Æsir)

Ásgarth: the Æsir’s abode

Ásólf: a hero

Atla: a giant maiden

Atli: Ithmund’s son

Atli: the son of Hring

Atli: the ruler of Hunland

Atríth: Óthin

Aurbotha: a giantess

Aurbotha: one of Mengloth’s maidens

Aurgelmir: a giant

Aurnir: a giant

Aurvang: a dwarf

Austri: a dwarf

Auth the Deep-Minded: Ívar’s daughter

Autha: sister of Agnar

Authi: a son of Hálfdan and ancestor of the Othlings

 

B

Baldr: the son of Óthin and Frigg

Báleyg: Óthin

Bari: a dwarf

Barri: the trysting place of Gerth and Frey

Barri: a hero

Beiti: Atli’s steward

Beli: a giant

Bera: (see Kostbera)

Bergelmir: a giant

Bestla: the mother of Óthin

Beyla: a servitress of Frey

Biflindi: Óthin

Bifrost: the bridge of the gods

Bifur: a dwarf

Bikki: counsellor to Jormunrekk

Bileyg: Óthin

Billing: Gunnloth’s father

Bilskirnir: the hall of Thór

Bjort: one of Mengloth’s maidens

Blind: a counsellor

Blíth: one of Mengloth’s maidens

Bofur: a dwarf

Bolm: place name

Bolthorn: a giant

Bolverk: Óthin

Bombur: a dwarf

Borghild: the wife of Sigmund

Borgný: Heithrek’s daughter

Bothvild: Níthoth’s daughter

Braga Grove: place name

Bragi: the god of poetry

Bragi: a hero

Brálund: place name

Brámi: a hero

Brand Isle: place name

Brávoll Field: a plain in Sweden

Breithablik: the dwelling of Baldr

Brimir: a giant

Brimir: a sword

Brísings Necklace, The: Freya’s necklace

Brood: a housecarl

Bruna Bay: place name

Brynhild: a valkyrie and sister of Atli

Búi: a hero

Bur: the father of Óthin  (see also Valtam)

Burgundy: a kingdom

Buthli: Eather of Atli

Buthlings, The: the descendants of Buthli

Byggvir: a servitor of Frey

Býleist: Loki’s brother

 

C

Chilperich: (see Hjálprek)

Chlodowech: (see Hlothver)

 

D

Dag: son of Delling

Dag: a son of Hálfdan

Dag: a son of Hogni and brother of Sigrún

Dáin: an alf

Dáin: a hart

Dáin: a dwarf

Dan: eponymous king of Denmark

Dana: the daughter of Danpr

Danp: eponymous king of Denmark

Danpstead: place name

Darri: a dwarf

Delling: Dag’s father

Delling: a dwarf

Dísir: female guardian spirits

Dólgthrasir: a dwarf

Draupnir: a dwarf

Draupnir: a ring

Duneyr: a hart

Durin: a dwarf

Dvalin: a hart

Dvalin: a dwarf

Dýrathrór: a hart

 

E

Eagle Rock: place name

Earl: son of Ríg and Mother

Eastland: place name

Edda: Ái’s wife

Eggthér: a giant

Egil: a giant

Egil: a brother of Volund

Eikin: a river

Eikthyrnir: a hart

Eikinskjaldi: a dwarf

einherjar: the fallen warriors gathered into Valholl

Eir: one of Mengloth’s maidens

Eistla: a giant maiden

Eitil: a son of Guthrún and Atli

Eldhrímnir: the kettle in Valholl

Eldir: a servitor of Ægir

Élivágar: mythical rivers

Embla: the first created woman

Ermanarich: (see Jormunrekk)

Erna: Earl’s wife

Erp: a son of Atli and Guthrún

Erp: Jónakr’s son, Guthrún’s stepson

Eyfura: the wife of Arngrím

Eylimi: the father of Sváva

Eylimi: Sigurth’s grandfather

Eymund: a king of Russia

Eyolf: a son of Hunding

Eyrgjáfa: a giant maiden

 


 

To be continued…

The Poetic Edda’s “Catalogue of Dwarfs”

From stanzas 9-16 of Völuspá:

“Then gathered together     the gods for counsel,

the holy hosts,     and held converse:

who the deep-dwelling     dwarfs was to make

of Brimir’s blood     and Bláin’s bones.

 

Mótsognir rose,     mightiest ruler

of the kin of dwarfs,     but Durin next;

molded many     manlike bodies

the dwarfs under earth,     as Durin bade them.

 

“Nýi and Nithi,     Northri and Suthri,

Austri and Vestri,     Althjóf, Dvalin,

Nár and Náin,     Níping, Dáin,

Bifur, Bofur,     Bombur, Nóri,

Án and Onar,     Ái, Mjóthvitnir.

 

“Veig and Gandálf,     Vindálf, Thráin,

Thekk and Thorin,     Thrór, Vit, and Lit,

Nár and Regin,     Nýráth and Ráthsvith;

now is reckoned     the roster of dwarfs.

 

“Fíli, Kíli,     Fundin, Náli,

Heptifíli,     Hanar, Svíur,

Frár, Hornbori,     Fræg and Lóni,

Aurvang, Jari,     Eikinskjaldi.

 

“The dwarfs I tell now     in Dvalin’s host,

down to Lofar-     for listening wights-

they who hied them     from halls of stone

over sedgy shores     to sandy plains.

 

“There was Draupnir     and Dólgthrasir,

Hár and Haugspori,     Hlévang, Glói,

Skirvir, Virvir,     Skafith, Ái,

Álf and Yngvi,     Eikinskjaldi,

 

“Fjalar and Frosti,     Finn and Ginnar.

Will ever be known,     while earth doth last,

the line of dwarfs     to Lofar down.”

 


 

“Nýi and Nithi” = waxing and waning moon

“Northri and Suthri, Austri and Vestri,” = North, South, East, and West

First Aid Notes: Harm Induced by “Sea Monsters”

Poisoning Caused by Marine Life

Sometimes I make light of situations like this by referring to these things as “sea monster injuries”. Sea monsters can give potential victims puncture wounds or toxic reactions depending on what kind of sea monster it is. So of course if it’s something like a jellyfish you’d be more likely to experience the second kind of injury while you’d be more likely to experience the former when getting in a fight with a fish with pointy spines or with sharks and so on.

The following fish also come equipped with a “venom apparatus attached to dorsal or other spines”:

-Catfish

-Weever fish

-Scorpion fish (including zebra fish)

-Toadfish and surgeonfish

Sea snakes have powerful venom as well. Injuries from sea serpents should be treated like normal land serpent (snake) bites. Sea snakes aren’t common in waters that border the United States, but you may live in another area, so they might be more of a problem where you are. My hope is that you would already know whether they are a major concern in your area. You can always ask around just to be safe though.

Shellfish Poisoning Caused by the Ingestion of Sea Monsters

Shellfish poisoning can be related to any of these:

-Bacterial contamination (cook your food, darn it)

-Allergic reactions

-When clams or mussels have ingested “microscopic, poisonous marine animals called dinoflagellates”, which contain “a paralytic type of poison”. The clams or mussels eat the poison critters and you eat the clams or mussels. When trying to avoid this poison, know that “[t]he poison is concentrated in the dark meat, gills, digestive organs, and siphon of the shellfish”.

Symptoms of this paralytic kind of poisoning may include:

-Numbness of the face and mouth

-Weakness

-Muscular paralysis

-Increased salivation

-Intense thirst

-Difficulty in swallowing

This kind of poisoning is treated the same way one treats noncorrosive poisoning:

-Induce vomiting

-Dilute poison (drink water – when this is impossible you might as well try an enema… or call your local emergency services)

-Treat for shock (my notes for shock and seizures are here: https://frozenotterblog.wordpress.com/2014/09/22/notes-shock-and-seizures/ )

-Give artificial respiration if necessary

-“Individuals having allergic reactions to scombroid fish (for example, mackerel) or shellfish should seek medical advice regarding the administering of an antihistamine.”

Sea Monster Stings

Jellyfish and Portugese man-of-war discharge venom through threadlike tubes on their tentacles on contact. This venom results in:

-Burning pain

-Rash with small hemorrhages

-Muscle cramps (not a good thing when you’re swimming far from shore)

-Nausea and vomiting

-Difficulty breathing

-Sometimes results in shock

The treatment is to wipe off the area with a towel (preferably a sterile one), wash the area with rubbing alcohol or diluted ammonia, and administer mild pain killers (something like ibuprofen or aspirin – not any strong, over-the-counter drug). Medical attention should be sought when the symptoms are severe.

Stinging coral or fire coral can give a victim multiple sharp cuts in addition to injecting a victim with venom. If this happens you must thoroughly clean the area and promptly seek medical attention.

 

“The American Medical Association Family Medical Guide” Medical Editor: Charles B. Clayman, MD (ISBN: 0-679-41290-5)

“Standard First Aid and Personal Safety” (“Prepared by the American Red Cross”) (ISBN: 0-385-15736-3)

Amusing Things Young Earth Creationists Say

-“Show me the intermediates.” (“the” is sometimes replaced with “your”)

-“I’ll believe in evolution when a chimpanzee gives birth to a human baby.”

-“If evolution were real, we’d see things like a crocoduck.”

-“Where are the missing links?!”

-“The earth is 5ooo years old.”

-“How can you trust the fossil record when it’s full of gaps?”

-“What is the intermediate between a lizard and a bird?”

-“If humans evolved from chimpanzees, how come chimpanzees are still around?”

-“Fossils were put there by Satan to deceive us.”

-“The world as we know it was created in seven days.”

-“We have always existed as we are.”

-“Well micro-evolution might be real, but macro-evolution definitely isn’t!”

-“Humans aren’t evolved from monkeys! Do I look like a monkey to you?!”

-“How did fish grow wings and turn into birds? I don’t see how randomly growing wings underwater would help them…”

-“If there’s so much evidence for evolution, how come people only see pictures when museums should be full of fossils of transitional species?”

Josephus + Bias

Josephus was a historian of the first century born in the year 37. He wrote four works which are sometimes cited as evidence of the existence of Jesus. Oh, and he was also an egotistical Jewish priest who turned traitor during the Roman War’s siege of Jotapata while his comrades were busy fighting to the death or committing suicide rather than surrendering. In short: he was a biased coward. Yet, people still use his works as evidence for what they want to believe – that being the existence of a divine god-man hybrid (who preformed magic tricks because a talking animal told a woman to eat a piece of fruit and the only way some strange desert totem could forgive people was to send himself to earth in the form of his own son and sacrifice himself unto himself, after which he was supposed to forgive himself and all the Judeo-Christians decided to eat the corpse and drink the blood… that in a nutshell).

One such example people like to use to allow them to more easily assert the existence of Jesus is from The Antiquities and reads as follows:

“He convened a meeting of the Sanhedrin and brought before them a man named James, the brother of Jesus, who was called the Christ, and certain others. He accused them of having transgressed the law and delivered them up to be stoned.”

The only thing this passage implies is that there seems to have been a man named Jesus who some people thought to be some sort of messiah (definition: deliverer or liberator) or so-called “Christ” (which can also mean “the Anointed One”, meaning he might’ve had oil poured on him at some point). It does not imply that this Jesus character was divine or that he ever preformed any so-called “miracles”. At most it implies that he had some sort of clique in which he was considered to be a member of respectable social status.

This is the Jewish equivalent of Scar Face being called a mob boss (I am unaware as to whether Scar Face himself was also Jewish. Pardon my ignorance, but I don’t care).

Another work by Josephus was the Testimonium Flavianum, which is supposed to be more about Jesus. It is a very disputed work which is believed to have been altered by followers of Jesus at one or more times after its original completion. One such example riddled with interpolations is the following much-debated excerpt:

“About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man, if indeed one ought to call him a man. For he was one who wrought surprising feats and was a teacher of such people as accept the truth gladly. He won over many Jews and many of the Greeks. He was the Christ. When Pilate, upon hearing him accused by men of the highest standing among us, had condemned him to be crucified, those who had in the first place come to love him did not give up their affection for him. On the third day he appeared to them restored to life, for the prophets of God had prophesied these and countless other marvelous things about him. And the tribe of Christians, so called after him, has still to this day not disappeared.”

After removing the interpolations of, “if indeed one ought to call him a man”, “He was the Christ.”, and “On the third day he appeared to them restored to life…”, you are left with something that simply says that there was a man named Jesus, he was considered a wise teacher, and he had followers who loved him.

That statement contains the same amount of gravity as saying Shakespeare was a wise and intelligent playwright whose works were loved at the time and are still loved to this day.

So these passages obviously cannot be used as evidence for the divinity of Jesus no matter how much some people want that to be the case. One might use them as evidence that there could’ve been a man named Jesus, but as Boston University philosopher Michael Martin has said, “If Jesus did exist, one would have expected Josephus… to have said more about him…” before also pointing out the contrast in the amount of details between Jesus and “other Messianic figures and John the Baptist,” which were written about “in greater detail”.